China Economic Quarterly Q4 2022

China’s GDP growth slowed to 2.9% in Q4 to an overall 3% growth in 2022, eyeing a full recovery in 2023. 

This issue provides an overview of the macroeconomic trends in Q4 2022, some policy updates and hot topic analysis.

china economic quarterly q2 2022


china economic quarterly q2 2022

Here are some macro-economic highlights:

  1. Total GDP reached 121 trillion yuan with 3% growth in 2022
  2. Total fixed asset investment reached 57 trillion yuan, a 5.1% increase
  3. Total real estate investment reduced by 10% to 13 trillion yuan
  4. PMI continued to fall in Q4
  5. Industrial added values grew 3.6% in in 2022
  6. Total retail sales of consumer goods decreased by 0.2% to 44 trillion yuan
  7. Imports and exports increased by 7.7% to 42 trillion yuan
  8. PPI dropped to -0.7% and CPI went up 1.8% in December

Policy updates

Growth of aggregate financing to the real economy increased by 9.6% in 2022
The last impacts of COVID-19 controls in 2022 significantly curbed macroeconomic development. In this context, the People’s Bank of China (PBoC) implemented a package of policies to stabilise the economy in a bid to effectively support the real economy and achieve market stabilisation. In 2023, the PBoC is expected to maintain its relatively loose monetary policy to support economic recovery. 

Fiscal revenue increased by 0.6% while fiscal spending grew by 6.1%
In 2022, fiscal revenue dropped by 0.6% YoY to 20.37 trillion yuan. According to the Ministry of Finance, this was a result of slower growth mainly caused by COVID-19 control measures. Meanwhile, national public budget expenditure reached 26.06 trillion yuan with a 6.1% YoY growth in 2022. 

Hot topic analysis: China’s consumption trend and economic growth

With the COVID-19 pandemic impacting China head-on, the country’s total retail sales of consumer goods reduced by 0.2% YoY in 2022. It is the lowest figure in recent years following the 3.9% contraction in 2020. However, China is still the world’s second largest consumer market with a market size of almost 44 trillion yuan, and the largest online retail marketplace. Although the contribution of final consumption expenditure to GDP growth dropped to 32.8% in 2022, consumption is expected to regain its status as a critical driver of China’s economic growth in 2023 and the future.

Implications and opportunities

The COVID-19 disruption over the past three years significantly influenced consumption:

  • Huge potential in the consumer market despite rapid expansion;
  • Online shopping has become an important growth pillar for the consumer market;
  • Automobile plays a vital role in consumption upgrading;
  • From the perspective of resident income, consumption expenditure changed dramatically in recent years.

Contact us

Elton Yeung

Vice Chairman, PwC China

Tel: +[86] (10) 6533 8008

Thomas Leung

Managing Partner - Markets, PwC China

Tel: +[86] (10) 6533 2838 / +[852] 2289 8288

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